tried in France, but in Engla●nd there is a tendency, with many ▓officers, to deprecate the use of ▓small-arm ammunition at extreme ranges.
The ●general direction of the improvement ▓in firearms is to lessen the size of the bore▓ and increase the flatness of the traj▓ectory.Thus the high-angled fire of the S●nider, converted from the muzzle-lo●ading Enfield, was changed for the Marti●ni-Henry, in every way a more deadly weapon, and● this, as has been already remarke▓d, has given way to an even smal▓ler bored rifle.And with the i●ncreased rapidity of fire and ●the larger number of rounds of the lig▓hter ammunition that can be carried,● the bayonet, t
hat was lengthened in 1878, w▓as reduced to its present dimensi●ons.
Muzzle-loading guns have ▓been replaced by breech-loaders, and the ste▓el muzzle-loading guns used i●n Abyssinia by screw guns, which can be ●put together and fired within a minute● from the time the two mules, which carry▓ the parts, halt.
Machine guns, such as the▓ Gatling, Gardner, and Nordenfe●ldt, will probably give way to ●the automatic Maxim.
Since the campaig
n ●of 1870 to 1871, greater attention has ▓been paid to visual signalling by flag or flash,▓ and the field telegraph is mu●ch more actively employed, and accompanies, as▓ far as possible, the army up to the point ●of attack.
In England, considerable ●attention has been paid to night mar▓ching and night attacks, as being the only metho▓d under favourable circumstances of crossing▓, unseen, the fire-swept zone now so much more● extend